Photo: A U.S. Air Force EQ-4 Global Hawk unmanned aerial vehicle waits for its takeoff time before its first launch from an undisclosed location in Southwest Asia. The EQ-4 carries the Battlefield Airborne Communications Node (BACN), which acts as a persistent gateway, bridging diverse tactical data links and voice communications to improve battlefield communications. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Eric Harris)
A $10 billion arms deal is under discussion between the United States and its Arab and Israeli allies that will send a “very clear signal” to Iran, Chuck Hagel, the US defense secretary, has said.
Hagel, who is on his first visit to Israel as Pentagon chief, said on Sunday the US is committed to providing Israel’s military with an advantage.
“The bottom line is that Iran is a threat, a real threat,” Hagel said. “The Iranians must be prevented from developing that capacity to build a nuclear weapon and deliver it.”
The first stop on Hagel’s week-long Middle East trip came two days after the Pentagon said it was finalizing a weapons deal to strengthen the militaries of Israel and two of Iran’s key rivals, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
Al Jazeera’s correspondent Simon McGregor-Wood, reporting from Jerusalem, said Hagel’s visit was an opportunity to put controversies of the past behind, such as his earlier comments on Israel which affected his confirmation.
The deal includes the sale of KC-135 aerial refueling tankers, anti-air defense missiles and tilt-rotor V-22 Osprey troop transport planes to Israel as well as the sale of 25 F-16 Fighting Falcon jets to the UAE.
The UAE and Saudi Arabia also would be allowed to purchase weapons with so-called “standoff” capabilities that enable them to engage the enemy with precision at a distance.
Asked if the arms deal sent a message that the military option was on the table if Tehran moved to build a nuclear weapon, Hagel said: “I don’t think there’s any question that that’s another very clear signal to Iran.”
Iran denies Western allegations that it is seeking to develop the capability to build nuclear weapons, saying its atomic activities are aimed at generating electricity.
Israel has repeatedly voiced its impatience with the pace of diplomatic efforts to curb Iran’s enrichment of uranium, saying they should be coupled with a credible military threat.
Hagel, who faced resistance during his Senate confirmation hearing earlier this year from lawmakers who questioned his support for Israel, said part of the purpose of his visit was to underscore to Israelis that “the United States is committed to their security”.
Asked about renewed debate in the Israeli media that Israel might have to strike Iran by itself, Hagel said “every sovereign nation has the right to defend itself and protect itself”.
“Iran presents a threat in its nuclear programme and Israel will make the decisions that Israel must make to protect itself and defend itself,” he said.
But Hagel added the US and other countries believe there is still time for diplomacy and tough international sanctions to have an impact.
After Israel, Hagel will visit Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
Photo: Strike Soldiers of Battery A, 1st Battalion, 320th Field Artillery Regiment, 2nd Brigade Combat Team “STRIKE,” 101st Airborne Division, conduct artillery air assault gun-raid training with the 101st’s 4th Battalion, 101st Aviation Regiment, at multiple Fort Campbell training areas (U.S. Army photo by Sgt. Joe Padula, 2nd BCT PAO, 101st Abn. Div.)
After years of negotiations and an intense lobbying effort by weapons manufacturers and their allies, the United Nations approved the world’s most sweeping global arms trade treaty. By a the 154 to 3 vote the General Assembly approved the Arms Trade Treaty, with 23 abstentions from countries with problematic human rights records including Bahrain, Myanmar and Sri Lanka. Activists see it as a human rights victory that will prevent future violence and genocides:
Although implementation is years away and there is no specific enforcement mechanism, proponents say the treaty would for the first time force sellers to consider how their customers will use the weapons and to make that information public. The goal is to curb the sale of weapons that kill tens of thousands of people every year — by, for example, making it harder for Russia to argue that its arms deals with Syria are legal under international law.
The treaty, which took seven years to negotiate, reflects growing international sentiment that the multibillion-dollar weapons trade needs to be held to a moral standard. The hope is that even nations reluctant to ratify the treaty will feel public pressure to abide by its provisions. The treaty calls for sales to be evaluated on whether the weapons will be used to break humanitarian law, foment genocide or war crimes, abet terrorism or organized crime or slaughter women and children.
Photo: Lynx helicopter lands at FOB Minden at forward operating base close to the Shalamcheh land border crossing at the Iraq-Iran border. (Photo by world_armies)